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揭秘:慈禧老公咸丰帝奕訢是一位什么样的君王?

来源:讲历史2016-08-29 09:04:54责编:伊洛人气:
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【内容导读】道光帝晚年,其实是有些钟爱六皇子奕?的,据传闻道光帝甚至动了将皇位传给他的打算。但我们看最后结局,仍然是奕詝继承了皇位,也就是后来的咸丰皇帝。而在史书记载中,咸…

道光帝晚年,其实是有些钟爱六皇子奕?的,据传闻道光帝甚至动了将皇位传给他的打算。但我们看最后结局,仍然是奕詝继承了皇位,也就是后来的咸丰皇帝。而在史书记载中,咸丰帝不仅没有奕?更有才能,甚至还身体有缺陷,是个瘸子。这就很让人觉得奇怪了,为什么道光帝会放弃身体健康的奕?,进而选择奕詝呢?从两人的能力来说,也是奕?大于奕詝啊,对于现在颓废的清王朝,难道不该让更有才能的奕?继承皇位吗?小编总结了一下,道光帝选择奕詝为皇,而不是奕?,可能有以下几点原因。

从长有排序上来说,那个时候的道光帝已经连丧三子,为皇四子的奕詝是实际上的长子,再加上其母为孝全成皇后,那么从身份上来说,奕詝是实实在在的嫡长子。中国历来都有立嫡长的传统,而且道光帝自己也是事实上的嫡长子。册立储君的视乎,道光很有可能考虑了这一点。再加上咸丰帝本人,也素来又贤德之名,因此立其为君,也能想通。

有一个好老师。杜受田作为咸丰帝的老师,对于他的登基起到了很大的作用。杜受田的指导,成了他被指定为继承人的重要助力。一次狩猎,杜受田告知咸丰,让他在此场狩猎中,约束手下门人,不发一枪一失。道光帝见他毫无收获,心中奇怪,便诏他上前问话。对于道光帝的询问,咸丰帝答曰:“时方春和,鸟兽孕育,不忍伤生以干天和;且不想以弓马一技之长,与诸兄弟争高低。”还有一次道光帝重病,杜受田再三叮嘱他,若是道光言其老病恐不久于人世,该如何安邦治国时,不用高谈阔论,只需:“你只管俯地流涕以表孺慕之诚”。这两次面授机宜,也成为了咸丰帝最终能登上皇位的重要原因。

揭秘:慈禧老公咸丰帝奕訢是一位什么样的君王?

还有一个原因,大概是因为咸丰帝的生母,孝全皇后。孝全皇后是道光帝最宠爱的女人,可惜去世的比较早,因此道光帝对于她有着很深的追念之情。最终决定立咸丰为储,很有可能是因为孝全这一方面的原因,道光帝为了报答早逝妻子之意。道光帝晚年的时候,执政作风越发保守。而咸丰帝谨慎为政的行为,正合道光帝之意,一脉相承。


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